Wuhan novel coronavirus
COVID 19 (SARS-CoV-2)
SARS-COV-2 is a coronavirus that gives patients COVID-19, a respiratory disease that primarily has minor cold symptoms in about 85% of cases. The final 15% of cases are likely to need medical support of some level, and around 5% end up in critical condition.
- Those 65 or older
- Those with Underlying Conditions
- Those with another infection or virus in addition to COVID19
- Smokers or previous smokers
Potential symptoms of COVID-19 include: fever, cough, headache, muscle pain, shortness of breath, Severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and death.
For each person infected, that person spreads the virus on average to 2-3 more people, making it up to 3 times as infectious as the flu.
The current fatality rate average globally is about 3.4%, making it deadlier than the flu. In Wuhan, China, the epicenter of the pandemic, the death rate is closer to 2-4%, while in Iran, the fatality rate is almost 10%. There are some speculations on the actual rate because many cases are likely going unreported due to a lack of serious symptoms and a shortage of test kits.
Limit travel to only that which is necessary, and make sure to wash your hands frequently for at least 20 seconds with soap and warm water. Consider stocking up on important essentials that you may need in case of a quarantine.
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On average, the incubation period appears to be 14 days, but some cases have popped up with longer and shorter periods of time.
While not common, a few cases of asymptomatic transfer have occurred.
New studies from researchers in China have revealed the novel coronavirus to have 2 separate strands implying a mutation has happened at least once. No other evidence of mutation has come forward as of yet.
There have been a few cases where women who were pregnant with children have passed on the virus after birth. Not common, but possible.
Current evidence says no, but it could become aerilized under certain circumstances, due to the virus leaving behind “fecal matter”.
At this point, we’re not sure how long the virus lives on most surfaces. Recent studies claim that the virus can survive on cardboard for up to 12 hours, and plastic for up to 3 days.
Historically, viruses have weakened over the warmer month, but can return for the winter. At current, there’s no evidence that this will be the case with SARS-COV-2.
Even if the virus recedes in the summer slightly, experts currently expect this to return. It will likely come back even worse once fall settles in.
Experts have admitted that it is possible, but no one knows for sure as of yet. Health professionals currently expect this to last through the cold season of next year at the very least.
The exact amount of time is unknown. The CDC and WHO claim that a vaccine would take a minimum of a year to 18 months to complete, but other officials have promised sooner.
At this point, they appear to be fairly accurate, but there have been some cases in the news where they provided a false negative.
For most viruses that our bodies come in contact with, our immune system creates T-Cells patterned to fight it. It’s these T-Cells that fight off infection and helps us reestablish homeostasis. It is the existence of these T-Cells that gives our body “immunity” to that specific virus. For some illnesses like Polio, we hold onto that immunity for a lifetime, and others like the flu, we hold onto for only a short while.
At current, it is unclear exactly how long immunity for COVID-19 lasts – some are safe for what appears to be weeks, and others hours. A few cases of reinfection have been reported, but not many.
At current, we’re not sure the exact extend of cases in the US. Over a hundred have been confirmed, (if you include repatriated citizens) and several hundred more are suspected by multiple health experts.
Coronaviruses commonly occur in both humans and animals, but they typically do not spread from one to the other. Seeing animal to human spread is fairly rare, and doesn’t seem to put dogs and cats at risk of infection.
Your risk of dying to the coronavirus is dependent on a few factors: Age, history of smoking, underlying conditions, and more. Typically those at risk are the elderly and those with underlying conditions.
To be infected with the novel coronavirus, the virus must be inhaled so that it can latch onto delicate lung cells. Consuming food with the virus on the surface seems to be fairly safe.
At current, there is no known cure for Novel Coronavirus SARS-COV-2. Patients in critical condition end up with supportive care at best, and it’s still up to their immune system to fight off the virus.
There’s been some reported cases of people being reinfected with the virus after having recovered.
Originating in Wuhan, China back in early December of 2019, SARS-COV-2 is currently responsible for death of thousands, and the infection of tens (of thousands) more. Nations around the world are working hard to contain and manage the spread of the novel coronavirus.
With several cases of infection lacking a traceable history, there is a great rise of concern among many of the world’s leaders for what this virus is capable of. Having a 2% fatality rate on average doesn’t sound like much, but when you consider the population size today (8 billion), hundreds of millions of people are at risk. Even if only 60 or 70% of the planet is infected, millions upon millions will likely die.
3.4% of 8 Billion = 272 Million at Risk
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